Benchmarking female participation in firm ownership, management, and the workforce is important to achieving gender equality promotion and empowerment of women. The gender topic provides information about women's entrepreneurship and economic participation in the labor force. The four indicators on this page measure women's participation in businesses in 135 countries. The results are based on surveys of more than 130,000 firms. A database query tool is available to gauge gender participation differences across various firm subgroups. You can also generate graphs to compare countries.

To see the details for a specific economy, click on the links below. Click on column headers to sort data.

 

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Custom Data Set

Generate a Custom Data Set for Gender including standard errors, indicator values by firm subgroups, historical data and selected countries.

VIEWING INDICATORS

Percent of firms with female participation in ownershipPercent of firms with female participation in ownership.
Percent of firms with a female top managerPercent of firms with a female top manager.
Proportion of permanent full-time workers that are female (%)Percentage of permanent full-time workers that are female.
Proportion of permanent full-time production workers that are female (%)*Percentage of permanent full-time production workers that are female.
Proportion of permanent full-time non-production workers that are female (%)*Percentage of permanent full-time non-production workers that are female.
All Countries 236.418.533.827.438.8
East Asia & Pacific55.329.436.936.341.0
Eastern Europe & Central Asia32.020.238.834.944.8
Latin America & Caribbean40.120.937.723.944.1
Middle East & North Africa12.84.010.75.96.3
South Asia18.98.819.325.821.8
Sub-Saharan Africa35.415.429.922.734.9
Afghanistan (2014)2.44.624.434.347.4
Albania (2013)12.511.748.569.070.8
Algeria (2007)15.0...20.819.527.8
Angola (2010)56.613.551.049.558.5
Antigua and Barbuda (2010)21.317.544.6......
Argentina (2010)38.09.220.311.138.6
Armenia (2013)24.719.047.036.349.7
Azerbaijan (2013)4.12.431.436.142.9
Bahamas, The (2010)58.333.244.3......
Bangladesh (2013)12.74.815.821.110.7
Barbados (2010)43.525.448.2......
Belarus (2013)43.632.850.932.948.8
Belize (2010)30.425.547.2......
Benin (2009)45.426.929.7......
Bhutan (2009)31.3...14.2......
Bolivia (2010)41.321.731.415.947.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina (2013)27.324.233.324.247.4
Botswana (2010)55.316.441.229.953.9
Brazil (2009)50.219.430.135.444.4
Bulgaria (2013)39.124.041.343.249.2
Burkina Faso (2009)19.211.321.612.123.4
Burundi (2006)34.8...11.08.519.5
Cabo Verde (2009)33.116.749.8......
Cambodia (2007)......01.1n.a.
Cameroon (2009)15.710.027.811.332.9
Central African Republic (2011)53.312.225.9......
Chad (2009)40.16.811.4......
Chile (2010)29.64.528.114.843.6
China (2012)64.217.537.838.040.6
Colombia (2010)35.312.138.633.649.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. (2013)15.110.818.511.719.9
Congo, Rep. (2009)31.817.224.8......
Costa Rica (2010)43.515.429.619.041.9
Côte d'Ivoire (2009)61.9...30.016.722.9
Croatia (2013)32.218.733.140.840.6
Czech Republic (2009)25.018.431.525.638.9
Djibouti (2013)22.314.226.610.310.2
Dominica (2010)41.023.632.1......
Dominican Republic (2010)30.011.036.016.533.9
Ecuador (2010)24.117.035.619.355.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. (2008)34.0...16.116.614.2
El Salvador (2010)40.221.435.630.941.8
Eritrea (2009)4.27.740.4......
Estonia (2009)36.325.844.245.753.5
Ethiopia (2011)35.313.633.932.640.1
Fiji (2009)49.1...37.3......
Gabon (2009)33.111.524.3......
Gambia, The (2006)21.3...16.215.231.9
Georgia (2013)33.932.144.444.023.3
Germany (2005)20.3............
Ghana (2007)44.0...34.835.133.9
Greece (2005)24.4............
Grenada (2010)57.324.045.9......
Guatemala (2010)44.215.732.319.241.9
Guinea (2006)25.4...20.820.818.8
Guinea-Bissau (2006)19.9...5.13.913.6
Guyana, CR (2010)58.317.739.1......
Honduras (2010)43.331.740.426.534.4
Hungary (2009)42.413.833.927.557.6
India (2006)9.1...5.1......
Indonesia (2009)42.831.233.835.821.5
Iraq (2011)6.82.48.63.31.1
Ireland (2005)41.6............
Jamaica (2010)38.224.144.520.061.5
Jordan (2013)15.72.47.68.113.6
Kazakhstan (2013)28.318.835.930.348.3
Kenya (2013)49.213.429.120.729.4
Korea, Rep. (2005)19.1............
Kosovo (2013)14.09.521.815.724.6
Kyrgyz Republic (2013)49.229.045.739.652.1
Lao PDR (2012)41.932.231.3...40.6
Latvia (2013)36.231.544.334.947.5
Lebanon (2009)33.529.1.........
Lesotho (2009)18.421.638.4......
Liberia (2009)53.029.922.9......
Lithuania (2013)35.821.038.448.354.0
Macedonia, FYR (2013)29.426.338.938.545.3
Madagascar (2009)50.0...27.528.839.3
Malawi (2009)23.915.623.0......
Malaysia (2007)13.18.728.429.356.8
Mali (2010)58.321.029.730.930.0
Mauritania (2006)17.3...5.12.611.7
Mauritius (2009)16.9...30.026.530.8
Mexico (2010)25.714.637.820.932.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. (2009)86.8...37.3......
Moldova (2013)47.526.342.040.735.7
Mongolia (2013)38.936.641.752.742.0
Montenegro (2013)24.019.439.928.638.8
Morocco (2007)13.1...39.838.939.3
Mozambique (2007)24.4...13.510.530.7
Myanmar (2014)27.329.533.529.937.9
Namibia (2006)33.4...27.124.143.0
Nepal (2013)21.817.218.217.111.7
Nicaragua (2010)61.932.334.924.637.5
Niger (2009)17.611.313.4......
Nigeria (2007)20.0...16.119.026.6
Pakistan (2007)6.7...0.80.90.4
Panama (2010)24.723.541.934.444.2
Paraguay (2010)51.622.830.624.342.6
Peru (2010)28.714.135.122.137.9
Philippines (2009)69.432.739.232.853.9
Poland (2013)40.420.638.824.741.1
Portugal (2005)50.8............
Romania (2013)47.120.141.839.643.8
Russian Federation (2012)28.520.143.432.151.2
Rwanda (2011)42.719.732.4......
Samoa (2009)79.8...34.4......
Senegal (2007)26.3...10.17.625.6
Serbia (2013)38.325.748.025.345.2
Sierra Leone (2009)7.97.117.4......
Slovak Republic (2013)29.814.033.232.643.8
Slovenia (2013)34.418.833.613.338.0
South Africa (2007)22.6...29.126.641.9
Spain (2005)34.1............
Sri Lanka (2011)26.18.824.030.817.4
St. Kitts and Nevis (2010)57.821.143.3......
St. Lucia (2010)32.123.741.5......
St. Vincent and the Grenadines (2010)76.038.649.3......
Suriname (2010)18.315.034.1......
Swaziland (2006)28.6...42.542.642.6
Syrian Arab Republic (2009)14.422.811.100
Tajikistan (2013)32.79.733.444.144.0
Tanzania (2013)25.214.345.520.643.2
Timor-Leste (2009)42.9...23.0......
Togo (2009)31.815.125.0......
Tonga (2009)65.3...56.3......
Trinidad and Tobago (2010)45.120.841.631.343.9
Turkey (2008)40.712.425.221.027.6
Uganda (2013)26.415.340.020.740.2
Ukraine (2013)31.418.941.040.246.0
Uruguay (2010)23.119.436.826.052.2
Uzbekistan (2013)29.213.426.924.631.1
Vanuatu (2009)51.4...37.7......
Venezuela, R.B. (2010)30.731.138.532.457.3
Vietnam (2009)59.226.436.028.450.7
West Bank and Gaza (2013)12.61.25.64.95.8
Yemen, Rep. (2010)6.40.25.33.11.0
Zambia (2013)49.823.838.116.923.3
Zimbabwe (2011)56.217.423.411.635.7