Economy Overview

Enterprise Surveys uses the following sources for income and population data:


Gross national income (GNI) per capita

Enterprise Surveys reports 2015 income per capita as published in the World Bank’s World Development Indicators 2016. Income is calculated using the Atlas method (in current U.S. dollars). GNI data based on the Atlas method were not available for Argentina; Djibouti; Eritrea; the Gambia; Lesotho; Mauritania; the Federated States of Micronesia; Myanmar; Papua New Guinea; China; the Syrian Arab Republic; Tonga; Vanuatu; República Bolivariana de Venezuela; West Bank and Gaza; and the Republic of Yemen. In these cases, GDP or GNP per capita data and growth rates from other sources, such as the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook database and the Economist Intelligence Unit, were used.


Region and income group

Enterprise Surveys uses the World Bank regional and income group classifications.  Please note that high income economies are classified as either “high income OECD” or “high income non-OECD” for their regional classification as listed below.

 

Population

Enterprise Surveys reports midyear 2015 population statistics as published in World Development Indicators 2016.


Additional development data and statistics are available from the World Bank. For main Enterprise Surveys indicators by economy, click on the economy name.


Name Region Income Category Population GNI
Afghanistan South Asia Low income 32,526,562 630
Albania Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 2,889,167 4,290
Angola Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 25,021,974 4,180
Antigua and Barbuda High income: nonOECD High income 91,818 13,390
Argentina Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 43,416,755 12,460
Armenia Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 3,017,712 3,880
Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 9,651,349 6,560
Bahamas High income: nonOECD High income 388,019 21,310
Bangladesh South Asia Lower middle income 160,995,642 1,190
Barbados High income: nonOECD High income 284,215 14,800
Belarus Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 9,513,000 6,460
Belize Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 359,287 4,420
Benin Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 10,879,829 860
Bhutan South Asia Lower middle income 774,830 2,370
Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 10,724,705 3,080
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 3,810,416 4,680
Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 2,262,485 6,510
Brazil Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 207,847,528 9,850
Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 7,177,991 7,220
Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 18,105,570 660
Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 11,178,921 260
Cabo Verde Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 520,502 3,290
Cambodia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 15,577,899 1,070
Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 23,344,179 1,330
Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 4,900,274 320
Chad Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 14,037,472 880
Chile High income: OECD High income 17,948,141 14,060
China East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 1,371,220,000 7,820
Colombia Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 48,228,704 7,130
Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 77,266,814 410
Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 4,620,330 2,540
Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 4,807,850 10,210
Côte d'Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 22,701,556 1,410
Croatia High income: nonOECD High income 4,224,404 12,690
Czech Republic High income: OECD High income 10,551,219 18,050
Djibouti Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 887,861 1,789
Dominica Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 72,680 6,760
Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 10,528,391 6,130
Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 16,144,363 6,010
Egypt Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 91,508,084 3,340
El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 6,126,583 3,940
Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 5,227,791 591
Estonia High income: OECD High income 1,311,998 18,480
Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 99,390,750 590
Fiji East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 892,145 4,800
Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 1,725,292 9,210
Gambia Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 1,990,924 485
Georgia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 3,679,000 4,160
Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 27,409,893 1,480
Grenada Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 106,825 8,430
Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 16,342,897 3,590
Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 12,608,590 470
Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 1,844,325 590
Guyana Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 767,085 4,090
Honduras Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 8,075,060 2,270
Hungary High income: OECD High income 9,844,686 12,990
India South Asia Lower middle income 1,311,050,527 1,590
Indonesia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 257,563,815 3,440
Iraq Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income 36,423,395 5,550
Israel High income: OECD High income 8,380,400 35,440
Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 2,725,941 5,010
Jordan Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income 7,594,547 4,680
Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 17,544,126 11,580
Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 46,050,302 1,340
Kosovo Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 1,797,151 3,950
Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 5,957,000 1,170
Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 6,802,023 1,730
Latvia High income: OECD High income 1,978,440 14,900
Lebanon Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income 5,850,743 7,930
Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 2,135,022 1,214
Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 4,503,438 380
Lithuania High income: nonOECD High income 2,910,199 15,000
Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 2,078,453 5,140
Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 24,235,390 420
Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 17,215,232 350
Malaysia East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 30,331,007 10,570
Mali Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 17,599,694 790
Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 4,067,564 1,200
Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 1,262,605 9,610
Mexico Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 127,017,224 9,710
Micronesia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 104,460 3,201
Moldova Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 3,554,150 2,220
Mongolia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 2,959,134 3,830
Montenegro Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 622,388 7,240
Morocco Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 34,377,511 3,040
Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 27,977,863 580
Myanmar East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 53,897,154 1,293
Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 2,458,830 5,210
Nepal South Asia Low income 28,513,700 730
Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 6,082,032 1,940
Niger Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 19,899,120 390
Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 182,201,962 2,820
Pakistan South Asia Lower middle income 188,924,874 1,440
Panama Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 3,929,141 12,050
Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 6,639,123 4,220
Peru Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 31,376,670 6,200
Philippines East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 100,699,395 3,540
Poland High income: OECD High income 37,999,494 13,370
Romania Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 19,832,389 9,500
Russia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 144,096,812 11,400
Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 11,609,666 700
Samoa East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 193,228 3,930
Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 15,129,273 1,000
Serbia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 7,098,247 5,500
Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 6,453,184 630
Slovakia High income: OECD High income 5,424,050 17,310
Slovenia High income: OECD High income 2,063,768 22,610
Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 583,591 1,940
South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 54,956,920 6,050
South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 12,339,812 790
Sri Lanka South Asia Lower middle income 20,966,000 3,800
St. Kitts and Nevis High income: nonOECD High income 55,572 15,560
St. Lucia Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 184,999 7,390
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 109,462 6,670
Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 40,234,882 1,840
Suriname Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 542,975 9,300
Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 1,286,970 3,230
Sweden High income: OECD High income 9,798,871 57,810
Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 8,481,855 1,240
Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 53,470,420 910
Thailand East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 67,959,359 5,620
Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,245,015 1,920
Togo Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 7,304,578 540
Tonga East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 106,170 4,067
Trinidad and Tobago High income: nonOECD High income 1,360,088 18,600
Tunisia Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 11,107,800 3,970
Turkey Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 78,665,830 9,950
Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 39,032,383 670
Ukraine Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 45,198,200 2,620
Uruguay High income: nonOECD High income 3,431,555 15,720
Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 31,299,500 2,150
Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 264,652 2,873
Venezuela Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 31,108,083 12,082
Vietnam East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 91,703,800 1,980
West Bank and Gaza Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 4,422,143 3,105
Yemen Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 26,832,215 1,143
Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 16,211,767 1,500
Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 15,602,751 850