Economy Overview

Enterprise Surveys uses the following sources for income and population data:


Gross national income (GNI) per capita

Enterprise Surveys reports 2016 income per capita as published in the World Bank’s World Development Indicators 2017. Income is calculated using the Atlas method (in current U.S. dollars). GNI data based on the Atlas method were not available for Djibouti, Eritrea, Myanmar, Timor-Leste, Vanuatu, and República Bolivariana de Venezuela. In these cases, GDP or GNP per capita data and growth rates from other sources, such as the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook database and the Economist Intelligence Unit, were used.

Region and income group

Enterprise Surveys uses the World Bank regional and income group classifications.  Please note that high income economies are classified as either “high income OECD” or “high income non-OECD” for their regional classification as listed below.

 

Population

Enterprise Surveys reports midyear 2016 population statistics as published in World Development Indicators 2017.


Additional development data and statistics are available from the World Bank. For main Enterprise Surveys indicators by economy, click on the economy name.


Name Region Income Category Population GNI
Afghanistan South Asia Low income 34,656,032 580
Albania Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 2,876,101 4,180
Angola Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 28,813,463 3,450
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America & Caribbean High income 100,963 13,560
Argentina Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 43,847,430 11,970
Armenia Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 2,924,816 3,770
Azerbaijan Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 9,762,274 4,760
Bahamas Latin America & Caribbean High income 391,232 26,490
Bangladesh South Asia Lower middle income 162,951,560 1,330
Barbados Latin America & Caribbean High income 284,996 15,210
Belarus Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 9,507,120 5,600
Belize Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 366,954 4,360
Benin Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 10,872,298 820
Bhutan South Asia Lower middle income 797,765 2,510
Bolivia Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 10,887,882 3,070
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 3,516,816 4,940
Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 2,250,260 6,750
Brazil Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 207,652,865 8,840
Bulgaria Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 7,127,822 7,580
Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 18,646,433 620
Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 10,524,117 280
Cabo Verde Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 539,560 2,970
Cambodia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 15,762,370 1,140
Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 23,439,189 1,400
Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 4,594,621 370
Chad Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 14,452,543 720
Chile Latin America & Caribbean High income 17,909,754 13,540
China East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 1,378,665,000 8,250
Colombia Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 48,653,419 6,310
Congo, Dem. Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 78,736,153 430
Congo, Rep. Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 5,125,821 1,710
Costa Rica Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 4,857,274 10,840
Côte d'Ivoire Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 23,695,919 1,520
Croatia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 4,170,600 12,130
Czech Republic Europe & Central Asia High income 10,561,633 17,530
Djibouti Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 942,333 1,908
Dominica Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 73,543 7,110
Dominican Republic Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 10,648,791 6,390
Ecuador Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 16,385,068 5,800
Egypt Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 95,688,681 3,410
El Salvador Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 6,344,722 3,920
Eritrea Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 6,938,000 823
Estonia Europe & Central Asia High income 1,316,481 17,760
Ethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 102,403,196 660
Fiji East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 898,760 4,780
Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 1,979,786 7,210
Gambia Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 2,038,501 430
Georgia Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 3,719,300 3,830
Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 28,206,728 1,380
Grenada Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 107,317 9,100
Guatemala Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 16,582,469 3,790
Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 12,395,924 670
Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 1,815,698 600
Guyana Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 773,303 4,240
Honduras Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 9,112,867 2,150
Hungary Europe & Central Asia High income 9,817,958 12,570
India South Asia Lower middle income 1,324,171,354 1,670
Indonesia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 261,115,456 3,400
Iraq Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income 37,202,572 5,420
Israel Middle East & North Africa High income 8,547,100 36,190
Jamaica Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 2,881,355 4,630
Jordan Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 9,455,802 3,920
Kazakhstan Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 17,797,032 8,810
Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 48,461,567 1,380
Kosovo Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 1,816,200 3,850
Kyrgyz Republic Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 6,082,700 1,100
Lao PDR East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 6,758,353 2,150
Latvia Europe & Central Asia High income 1,960,424 14,570
Lebanon Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income 6,006,668 7,980
Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 2,203,821 1,270
Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 4,613,823 370
Lithuania Europe & Central Asia High income 2,872,298 14,770
Macedonia, FYR Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 2,081,206 4,980
Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 24,894,551 400
Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 18,091,575 320
Malaysia East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 31,187,265 9,860
Mali Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 17,994,837 770
Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 4,301,018 1,130
Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 1,263,473 9,770
Mexico Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 127,540,423 9,040
Micronesia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 104,937 3,550
Moldova Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 3,552,000 2,120
Mongolia East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 3,027,398 3,590
Montenegro Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 622,781 7,120
Morocco Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 35,276,786 2,880
Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 28,829,476 480
Myanmar East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 52,885,223 1,190
Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 2,479,713 4,640
Nepal South Asia Low income 28,982,771 730
Nicaragua Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income 6,149,928 2,100
Niger Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 20,672,987 370
Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 185,989,640 2,450
Pakistan South Asia Lower middle income 193,203,476 1,500
Panama Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 4,034,119 12,140
Paraguay Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 6,725,308 4,060
Peru Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 31,773,839 5,950
Philippines East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 103,320,222 3,580
Poland Europe & Central Asia High income 37,948,016 12,680
Romania Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 19,705,301 9,480
Russia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 144,342,396 9,720
Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 11,917,508 700
Samoa East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 195,125 4,120
Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 15,411,614 950
Serbia Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 7,057,412 5,310
Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 7,396,190 490
Slovakia Europe & Central Asia High income 5,428,704 16,800
Slovenia Europe & Central Asia High income 2,064,845 21,620
Solomon Islands East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 599,419 1,880
South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income 55,908,865 5,480
South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 12,230,730 182
Sri Lanka South Asia Lower middle income 21,203,000 3,850
St. Kitts and Nevis Latin America & Caribbean High income 54,821 15,690
St. Lucia Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 178,015 8,400
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 109,643 6,770
Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 39,578,828 2,140
Suriname Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 558,368 6,990
Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 1,343,098 2,960
Sweden Europe & Central Asia High income 9,903,122 54,480
Tajikistan Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 8,734,951 1,110
Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 55,572,201 900
Thailand East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 68,863,514 5,640
Timor-Leste East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 1,268,671 2,060
Togo Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 7,606,374 540
Tonga East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income 107,122 4,060
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America & Caribbean High income 1,364,962 16,240
Tunisia Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 11,403,248 3,690
Turkey Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income 79,512,426 11,230
Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 41,487,965 630
Ukraine Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 45,004,645 2,310
Uruguay Latin America & Caribbean High income 3,444,006 15,230
Uzbekistan Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income 31,848,200 2,220
Vanuatu East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 270,402 2,815
Venezuela Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income 31,568,179 9,258
Vietnam East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income 92,701,100 2,060
West Bank and Gaza Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 4,551,566 3,230
Yemen Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income 27,584,213 1,040
Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income 16,591,390 1,360
Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa Low income 16,150,362 890