This page summarizes Enterprise Surveys data for India. The graphs below provide an overview of the sample and highlight the biggest obstacles experienced by private sector firms in India. The 12 tables below the graphs summarize key factual indicators at the country and regional levels for each of the business environment topics. A few subjective indicators are also available.

 

NUMBER OF FIRMS SURVEYED

9,281

Business owners and top managers in 9,281 firms were interviewed from June 2013 through December 2014.

Characteristics of Firms Surveyed

Chemicals & Chemical Products: 568 Rubber & Plastics Products: 704 Non-Metallic Mineral Products: 547 Fabricated Metal Products: 582 Machinery & Equipment: 720 Basic Metals & Metal Products: 674 Electronics & Communications Equip.: 578 Motor Vehicles: 550 Textiles: 564 Food: 542 IT & IT Services: 247 Transport, Storage, & Communications: 391 Hotels & Restaurants: 353 Retail: 352 Wholesale: 178 Services of Motor Vehicles: 355 Construction: 242 Other Manufacturing: 1,134 Chemicals & Chemical Products: 568 Rubber & Plastics Products: 704 Non-Metallic Mineral Products: 547 Fabricated Metal Products: 582 Machinery & Equipment: 720 Textiles: 564 Food: 542 IT & IT Services: 247 Transport, Storage, & Communications: 391 Hotels & Restaurants: 353 Food: 542 Food: 542 Textiles: 564 Textiles: 564 Chemicals & Chemical Products: 568 Chemicals & Chemical Products: 568 Rubber & Plastics Products: 704 Rubber & Plastics Products: 704 Non-Metallic Mineral Products: 547 Non-Metallic Mineral Products: 547 Fabricated Metal Products: 582 Fabricated Metal Products: 582 Machinery & Equipment: 720 Machinery & Equipment: 720 Basic Metals & Metal Products: 674 Basic Metals & Metal Products: 674 Electronics & Communications Equip.: 578 Electronics & Communications Equip.: 578 Motor Vehicles: 550 Motor Vehicles: 550 Other Manufacturing: 1,134 Other Manufacturing: 1,134 Construction: 242 Construction: 242 Services of Motor Vehicles: 355 Services of Motor Vehicles: 355 Wholesale: 178 Wholesale: 178 Retail: 352 Retail: 352 Hotels & Restaurants: 353 Hotels & Restaurants: 353 Transport, Storage, & Communications: 391 Transport, Storage, & Communications: 391 IT & IT Services: 247 IT & IT Services: 247 Small (5-19): 2,845 Large (100+): 2,303 Medium (20-99): 4,133 Small (5-19): 2,845 Large (100+): 2,303 Medium (20-99): 4,133 Small (5-19): 2,845 Small (5-19): 2,845 Medium (20-99): 4,133 Medium (20-99): 4,133 Large (100+): 2,303 Large (100+): 2,303 Andhra Pradesh: 570 West Bengal: 549 Tamil Nadu: 535 Delhi: 527 Uttar Pradesh: 525 Madhya Pradesh: 477 Gujarat: 477 Rajasthan: 474 Kerala: 447 Karnataka: 600 Maharashtra: 636 Goa: 118 Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, And Meghalaya: 214 Himachal Pradesh: 223 Jammu & Kashmir: 229 Jharkhand: 253 Chhattisgarh: 294 Uttaranchal: 301 Orissa: 315 Bihar: 318 Assam: 337 Haryana: 421 Punjab: 441 Andhra Pradesh: 570 West Bengal: 549 Tamil Nadu: 535 Delhi: 527 Uttar Pradesh: 525 Karnataka: 600 Maharashtra: 636 Goa: 118 Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, And Meghalaya: 214 Himachal Pradesh: 223 Jammu & Kashmir: 229 Maharashtra: 636 Maharashtra: 636 Karnataka: 600 Karnataka: 600 Andhra Pradesh: 570 Andhra Pradesh: 570 West Bengal: 549 West Bengal: 549 Tamil Nadu: 535 Tamil Nadu: 535 Delhi: 527 Delhi: 527 Uttar Pradesh: 525 Uttar Pradesh: 525 Madhya Pradesh: 477 Madhya Pradesh: 477 Gujarat: 477 Gujarat: 477 Rajasthan: 474 Rajasthan: 474 Kerala: 447 Kerala: 447 Punjab: 441 Punjab: 441 Haryana: 421 Haryana: 421 Assam: 337 Assam: 337 Bihar: 318 Bihar: 318 Orissa: 315 Orissa: 315 Uttaranchal: 301 Uttaranchal: 301 Chhattisgarh: 294 Chhattisgarh: 294 Jharkhand: 253 Jharkhand: 253 Jammu & Kashmir: 229 Jammu & Kashmir: 229 Himachal Pradesh: 223 Himachal Pradesh: 223 Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, And Meghalaya: 214 Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, And Meghalaya: 214 Goa: 118 Goa: 118

NUMBER OF FIRMS SURVEYED

9,281

After being presented with a list of 15 business environment obstacles, business owners and top managers in 9,281 firms were asked to choose the biggest obstacle to their business.

Ranking of the Top Business Environment Obstacle for Firms

Inadequately educated workforce: 3.4 Political instability: 3.5 Tax administration: 3.7 Access to land: 4.6 Labor regulations: 4.9 Access to finance: 11.7 Practices of the informal sector: 12.1 Tax rates: 13.0 Electricity: 15.3 Corruption: 19.9

ECONOMY OVERVIEW

Country Highlights summarize the key findings from the Enterprise Survey

360KB pdf file

Country Profiles provide key investment climate indicators for a country with benchmarks against their respective regional and income groups

India Country Profile

India Country Profile

401.9KB pdf file

REGION:
South Asia
INCOME CATEGORY:
Lower middle income
POPULATION:
1,295,291,543
GNI PER CAPITA (US $):
1,570

Resources

Custom Data Set

Custom Data Set

Generate a Custom Data Set for India including standard errors, indicator values by firm subgroups, historical data and comparable countries.

  • Excel
  • Print
Indicator India South Asia All Countries 2  
Bribery incidence (percent of firms experiencing at least one bribe payment request) Percent of firms experiencing at least one bribe payment request during 6 transactions dealing with utilities access, permits, licences, and taxes.

22.7 24.8 17.9  
Bribery depth (% of public transactions where a gift or informal payment was requested) Bribery depth is the percentage of transactions (out of 6 transactions dealing with utilities access, permits, licences, and taxes) where a gift or informal payment was requested.

19.6 21.0 13.9  
Percent of firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials Percent of firms expected to give gifts or an informal payment in meetings with tax officials.

15.3 19.6 13.0  
Percent of firms expected to give gifts to secure government contract Percent of establishments that consider that firms with characteristics similar to theirs are making informal payments or giving gifts to public officials to secure government contract.

39.8 45.5 28.4  
Value of gift expected to secure a government contract (% of contract value) Percentage of the contract value expected as a gift to secure a government contract. Only firms that have confirmed that they have secured or attempted to secure a government contract in the last 12 months were required to answer this question.

0.1 2.9 1.7  
Percent of firms expected to give gifts to get an operating license Percent of firms expected to give gifts or an informal payment to get an operating license.

25.8 25.3 14.5  
Percent of firms expected to give gifts to get an import license Percent of firms expected to give gifts or an informal payment to get an import license.

43.4 27.4 15.0  
Percent of firms expected to give gifts to get a construction permit Percent of firms expected to give gifts or an informal payment to get a construction permit.

38.6 30.9 23.9  
Percent of firms expected to give gifts to get an electrical connection Percent of firms expected to give gifts or an informal payment to get an electrical connection.

51.5 37.3 16.5  
Percent of firms expected to give gifts to get a water connection Percent of firms expected to give gifts or an informal payment to get a water connection.

52.5 36.7 16.5  
Percent of firms expected to give gifts to public officials "to get things done" Percent of establishments that consider that firms with characteristics similar to theirs are making informal payments or giving gifts to public officials to "get things done” with regard to customs, taxes, licenses, regulations, services, etc.

16.6 25.5 21.5  
Percent of firms identifying corruption as a major constraint Percent of firms identifying corruption as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment.

35.8 40.1 31.9  
Percent of firms identifying the courts system as a major constraint Percent of firms identifying the courts system as a major constraint. The computation of the indicator is based on the rating of the obstacle as a potential constraint to the current operations of the establishment.

8.7 16.8 14.3  
  • Notes

    * This indicator is computed using data from manufacturing firms only.

    Additional Notes

    1. Most surveys were administered using the Enterprise Surveys Global Methodology as outlined in the Methodology page, while some others did not strictly adhere to the Enterprise Surveys Global Methodology. For example, for surveys which do not follow the Global Methodology, the Universe under consideration may have consisted of only manufacturing firms or the questionnaire used may have been different from the standard global questionnaire. Data users should exercise caution when comparing raw data and point estimates between surveys that did and did not adhere to the Enterprise Surveys Global Methodology. For surveys which did not adhere to the Global Methodology plus Afghanistan 2008, any inference from one of these surveys is representative only for the data sample itself.
    2. Regional and "all countries" averages of indicators are computed by taking a simple average of country-level point estimates. For each economy, only the latest available year of survey data is used in this computation. Only surveys, posted during the years 2010-2016, and adhering to the Enterprise Surveys Global Methodology are used to compute these regional and "all countries" averages.
    3. Descriptions of firm subgroup levels, e.g. how the ex post groupings are constructed, are provided in the Indicator Descriptions (PDF, 710KB) document.
    4. Statistics derived from less than or equal to five firms are displayed with an "n.a." to maintain confidentiality and should be distinguished from ".." which indicates missing values. Also note for three growth-related indicators under the "Performance" topic, these indicators are not computed when they are derived from less than 30 firms.
    5. Standard errors are labeled "n.c.", meaning not computed, for the following:

           1) indicators for all surveys that were not conducted using the Enterprise Surveys Global Methodology and

           2) for indicator breakdowns by ex post groupings: exporter or ownership type, and gender of the top manager.
    6. Please cite our data as follows:

      Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org), The World Bank.